Types Of Data Security Controls

With the rise of many cybercrimes prevalent today, there’s a need for one to understand the different ways of ensuring data security. Data security is the technique and technology of securing important and sensitive corporate and consumer data, such as personal or financial information. .

Hackers love financial or payment information, intellectual property, and sensitive personal information about your workers and customers. And through a security breach, they can attain this information and cause havoc in your company.

Therefore to protect your company’s future, it is important to ensure you implemented the necessary measures in your company to ensure data security. Therefore, understanding the significance of data security can assist you in developing a strategy to safeguard that data. There are various data security technologies and practices that can help your business stay productive while protecting data. 

Listed below are some of the examples of data security controls:

  1. Authentication

Authentication is one of the suggested strategies to improve data security and defend against data breaches, along with authorization. Authentication software checks to see if a user’s credentials match those in your database. Authentication processes include; Passwords, PINS, security tokens, a swipe card, or biometrics are only ways to identify an authorized user. Moreover, single sign-on technology makes authentication easier by allowing an authenticated user access to various systems, platforms, and applications with only one security token. What an authenticated user is authorized to do is determined by authorization technology.

  1. Backup and recovery

Data backups are necessary to ensure data security. Therefore ensuring you back up your data will give you a backup to recover data whenever you experience a system failure or a data breach. Therefore, Making a duplicate of your data and storing it on a second system or media, such as a tape, disk, or the cloud, is what a data backup includes. You may then use your backup to restore lost data.

  1. Encryption

Encrypting data is another way of ensuring data security. Using a cipher and an encryption key, data encryption software successfully increases data security by transforming unencrypted text into encrypted ciphertext. The encryption data will be unintelligible by an unauthorized individual. Only authorized members or individuals with keys are the only ones who can decrypt data. Encryption is used to secure data stored at rest and transferred between databases, mobile devices, and the cloud (called data in transit). Therefore it is necessary to ensure that your encryption keys are well secured and managed.

  1. Data masking

Data masking software hides data by masking alphanumeric characters with substitute characters. Notably, you can still get the data if you unmask. The application only converts the data back to its original form when an authorized user receives it.

  1. Deleting

When electronic data is no longer needed and is permanently deleted from the system, erasure can be used to delete the data, making it irreversible completely. Erasure should not be mistaken with deletion, which is just a method of concealing data in a way that makes it easy to recover.

In conclusion, it is necessary to use all means possible to ensure data security. This will help avoid going against customer trust with their data.

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