In type 2 diabetes, sugar or glucose levels in the bloodstream build up. This is a chronic medical condition in which body cells are damaged and aren’t able to function properly. Normally, the hormone in your insulin helps move glucose from your blood to your cells and this will be used for energy.
Insulin is a hormone that aids in the transport of glucose from the bloodstream to the cells, where it is used for energy. If type 2 diabetes causes further complications, your body may not produce enough insulin anymore.
It is preferable to monitor your blood sugar levels. If type 2 diabetes is not adequately treated, it can lead to chronically high blood glucose levels, which can cause a number of symptoms as well as serious complications. People in their forties and fifties are more likely to get this type of diabetes. Adult-onset diabetes was the prior name for it. Children and teenagers, on the other hand, are affected by type 2 diabetes as a result of childhood obesity.
What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?
Insulin is a hormone produced by your pancreas that functions as a key to allow blood sugar into your body’s cells for energy utilization. Insulin resistance occurs when cells in people with type 2 diabetes do not respond appropriately to insulin. Your pancreas produces extra insulin to get cells to respond. Your blood sugar levels rise when your pancreas can no longer keep up, triggering prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. High blood sugar harms the body and can cause heart disease, eyesight loss, and renal damage, among other serious health problems.
Insulin is a hormone that occurs naturally in the body. When you eat, your pancreas creates it and releases it. Insulin aids in the movement of glucose from the bloodstream to the cells of the body, where it is used for energy.
Your body becomes insulin resistant if you have type 2 diabetes. The hormone is no longer being used effectively by your body. Your pancreas will have to work harder to produce more insulin as a result of this.
Over time, this can damage cells in your pancreas. Eventually, your pancreas may not be able to produce any insulin.
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes
Your body can’t effectively use insulin to bring glucose into your cells if you have type 2 diabetes. As a result, your tissues, muscles, and organs must rely on different energy sources. This is a series of events that can result in a range of symptoms.
Type 2 diabetes can take a long time to develop. At first, the symptoms may appear to be minor and easy to dismiss. Early signs and symptoms may include:
- insatiable hunger
- a lack of vitality
- a lot of thirst
- Urination is common.
- eyesight problems
- In your hands or feet, you may experience discomfort, tingling, or numbness.
The symptoms become more severe as the disease advances, and they can lead to certain potentially hazardous complications.
Complications can arise if your blood glucose levels have been elevated for a long time:
- difficulties with the eyes (diabetic retinopathy)
- Neuropathy is characterized by numbness in the extremities.
- renal failure (nephropathy)
- periodontitis (gum disease)
- Stroke or heart attack
Testing for Type 2 Diabetes
If you have diabetes, a simple blood test will reveal it. If you had your blood sugar checked at a health fair or pharmacy, go to a clinic or doctor’s office to double-check the results.